Linda J. Graham & Markku Jahnukainen (2011): Wherefore art thou, inclusion?


Linda J. Graham & Markku Jahnukainen (2011): Wherefore art thou, inclusion? Analysing the development of inclusive education in New South Wales, Alberta and Finland, Journal of Education Policy, 26:2, 263-288


Over the last two decades, moves toward ‘inclusion’ have prompted change in the formation of education policies, schooling structures and pedagogical practice. Yet, exclusion through the categorisation and segregation of students with diverse abilities has grown, particularly for students with challenging behaviour. This paper considers what has happened to inclusive education by focusing on three educational jurisdictions known to be experiencing different rates of growth in the identification of special educational needs: New South Wales (Australia), Alberta (Canada) and Finland (Europe). In our analysis, we consider the effects of competing policy forces that appear to thwart the development of inclusive schools in two of our case study regions.


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